How to growing plant without large garden? One solution is plant home depot. It allows us to plant anything in a small place. Another problems for having small or no garden is how to keep the plant live without get enough sunlight? The answer is using light. How can we use light? By learning how plants use light, we can select an indoor lighting system that is right for the types of plants you want to grow. What kind of plant suitable for indoors? – Flowering plants indoors like orchids, African violets, ivy, philodendron, citrus, hibiscus, begonians, chrysanthemums, kalanchoe, azaleas, geraniums, bromeliad , cyclamen , polka-dot plant, spider plant, peperomia, nerve plant, aloe vera. vegetables plants, and fruits.
What kind of artificial light?
– Natural lights : Sunlight is kind of natural light and the best light to growing plants.
– Fluorescent lights : Efficient because provide the type of light that plants need for photosynthesis process.
– Metal Halide Light : These lights provide blue spectrum light for foliage production, as well as the red-spectrum light plants use for producing flowers and fruit. Disadvantage: Expensive
– Incandescent Lights : Produce plenty of red light but little blue light, produce lot of heat. Disadvantages of this light is most plants will wilt or burn if this bulb put too close to their leaves, so a very high-wattage bulb must be used to ensure enough light reaches the leaves.
Kind of plant that appropriate for fluorescent lights, divided into 3 parts:
– Low-light plants, such as spider plants, ferns, lucky bamboo and golden pothos vine enough with just one fluorescent tube.
– Medium-light plants, such as African violets, aloe vera, palms and orchids will need more, requiring two tubes of fluorescent lighting. – High-light plants, such as chrysanthemums, poinsettias, jade plants and geraniums will not do well with only artificial lighting, supply them with three or four tubes of fluorescent lighting.
The Right Intensity : The intensity of light determined by the wattage of the bulb and by how close the plant to the light source. Typically, plants are native to tropical jungles or shady forests do not require as much light as plants that evolved in dry, sunny climates, such as the Mediterranean or southern Mexico. Most flowering houseplants, such as African violets and begonias, happy being 10-12 inches away from the source light. Foliage plants, like ivy or philodendron, placed as much as 36 inches away from a light source. But flowering plants, like gardenia, orchids, and citrus, as well as most vegetable plants, required much higher light intensity to bloom flower and produce fruit.
The Right Duration : Three categories is divides by botanists relating the plant preferred day
– Short-day plants, such as chrysanthemums, kalanchoe, azaleas and begonias, less than 12 hours of light per day. These plants must go through a series of even shorter days before they will set buds and flower.
– Long-day plants require at least 14 to 18 hours of light each day. For example most vegetables and garden flowers are long-day plants, and when they don’t receive enough light they get pale and leggy.
– Day-neutral plants, including foliage plants, geraniums, coleus and African violets, usually satisfied with 8 to 12 hours of light all year-round. Not depend of what types of plants you are growing, be sure to give them a rest. Because when it’s dark, plants do respirate, which is an important part of their growth process. Balancing the plant rest time is to activing growth time such as the growth rate, and the setting of buds and fruit.